Dog Training Tips & Advice

28 Of The World’s Largest Dog Breeds

two large great danes

As dog lovers, we’re accustomed to seeing a wide variety of dog breeds. Our appreciation for the difference in these breeds – whether in personality, temperament or physical attributes – can grow as we learn more about the amazing capabilities of man’s best friend. 

Dog breeds come in all shapes and sizes. Some of the world’s largest dog breeds have ancient lineage and have been utilized for a variety of purposes over centuries, including as protection dogs, guard dogs and herding dogs. In modern times, many of them now reside as lovable family pets. Irrespective of their use, there is something truly majestic about these incredible dogs.  

Of course, taking care of a larger dog isn’t without its added complications. Aside from their sheer size requiring sufficient living space (i.e. don’t keep a St. Bernard in a studio apartment), they often require greater levels of exercise, and food/veterinary costs can also increase with a dog’s size. However, as with owning any pet, acting as a responsible owner and training your dog can mitigate any potential issues.

In this article, we’ll take a look at some of the world’s largest dog breeds and their origins.

Komondor

Height: 25-27 inches
Weight: 80-100 lbs

Native to Hungary, the Komondor is recognizable by its unmistakable, mop-like appearance. A herding breed, Koms are bold and confident – they are as good at protecting as they are at herding.

komondor

Cane Corso

cane corso

Height: 25-27.5 inches (male); 23.5-26 inches (female)
Weight: 100-110 lbs (male); 90-100 lbs (female)

With a large head and muscular structure, the Cane Corso has an intimidating demeanor. Their lineage can be traced back to the Romans.

Dogo Argentino

Height: 24-26.5 inches (male); 24-25.5 inches (female)
Weight: 88-100 lbs (male); 88-95 lbs (female)

This pack-hunting dog specializes in hunting big-game. The breed was finally recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2020.

Scottish Deerhound

Height: 30-32 inches (male); 28+ inches (female)
Weight: 85-110 lbs (male); 75-95 lbs (female)

As the name suggests, the Scottish Deerhound was bred to stalk giant wild red deer in the Highlands. Their coat can take many colors, although the dark blue-gray is most common.

Black Russian Terrier

Height: 27-30 inches (male); 26-29 inches (female)
Weight: 80-130 lbs

A guard dog with a distinctive, coarse coat, the Black Russian Terrier is used as a protection dog in one of the world’s harshest climates. 

black russian terrier

Great Pyrenees

great pyrenees

Height: 27-32 inches (male); 25-29 inches (female)
Weight: 100+ lbs (male); 85+ lbs (female)

The Great Pyrenees is a strong mountain dog, exhibiting a calm temperament and majestic appearance. Their size belies their speed – they can move quickly to deter threats. 

Tibetan Mastiff

Height: 26 inches (male); 24 inches (female)
Weight: 90-150 lbs (male); 70-120 lbs (female)

Noble, regal and the guardians of the Himalayas, the exact origins of the Tibetan Mastiff are unknown. Despite their imposing presence, they can make devoted family pets. 

tibetan mastiff

Bernese Mountain Dog

bernese mountain dog

Height: 25-27.5 inches (male); 23-26 inches (female)
Weight: 80-115 lbs (male); 70-95 lbs (female)

The Bernese Mountain Dog originated in Switzerland and is one of the four varieties of Swiss mountain dogs. Beautiful and affectionate, Berns are usually well-natured.

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog

Height: 27-29 inches (male); 22.5-28 inches (female)
Weight: 100-130 lbs

Extremely protective, this stubborn breed has protected livestock in its native Romania for centuries. 

Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog

Dogue de Bordeaux

Height: 23-27 inches (male); 23-26 inches (female)
Weight: 110+ lbs (male); 100+ lbs (female)

With their fawn-colored coat, furrowed brow and Bulldog-like jaw, this French breed is utilized primarily as a protection dog. If properly trained, they can be sweet, sensitive and affectionate.

Broholmer

Height: 27.5-29.5 inches
Weight: 90-150 lbs

Despite its size, the Broholmer is loving and good-natured. Originally from Denmark, the breed almost became extinct in the 1970s, but a group of enthusiasts successfully revived it.

broholmer

Akita

Height: 26-28 inches (male); 24-26 inches (female)
Weight: 100-130 lbs (male); 70-100 lbs (female)

The Akita has special significance in Japan, where the breed originated in the 17th century. Loyal companions, they require socialization as puppies with other dogs and people.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Height: 23-30 inches
Weight: 100-170 lbs

This breed has been used as a protection dog for centuries, guarding livestock, humans and properties. The Caucasian is bold and not lacking in confidence.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

greater swiss mountain dog

Height: 25.5-28.5 inches (male); 23.5-27 inches (female)
Weight: 115-140 lbs (male); 85-110 lbs (female)

Recognized by the AKC in 1995, the Swissie is an incredibly strong yet agile breed. Their dense coat containing black, red and white colorings is instantly recognizable.

Bullmastiff

Height: 25-27 inches (male); 24-26 inches (female)
Weight: 110-130 lbs (male); 100-120 lbs (female)

The Bullmastiff was used by English gamekeepers to stop poachers in the 1800s. Despite not being as large as its cousin, the Mastiff, its muscular frame acts as an effective deterrent.

Anatolian Shepherd Dog

anatolian shepherd

Height: 29 inches (male); 27 inches (female)
Weight: 110-150 lbs (male); 80-120 lbs (female)

This rugged breed is very protective and territorial. Also known as Kangal, they can weigh as much as 150 pounds.

Leonberger

Height: 28.5-31.5 inches (male); 25.5-29.5 inches (female)
Weight: 110-170 lbs (male); 90-140 lbs (female)

At its tallest, a Leonberger is just over 31 inches. They were originally bred as companions for German aristocrats, but in modern times, they are used as working dogs on farms and pastures. 

leonberger

Tosa Inu

Height: 21.5-23.5 inches
Weight: 100-200 lbs

Initially used as a fighting dog in Japan, Tosas are now used as watchdogs. They are revered in their homeland and are the biggest of the Japanese dog breeds.

Irish Wolfhound

Height: 32+ inches (male); 30 inches (female)
Weight: 120+ lbs (male); 105+ lbs (female)

The tallest of all AKC breeds, Irish Wolfhounds are actually docile and patient creatures. Despite originally being used to hunt wolves, they are now more likely to be found as companion dogs.

Pyrenean Mastiff

pyrenean mastiff

Height: 30-31 inches (male); 25-30 inches (female)
Weight: 120-240 lbs

An ancient breed from the Pyrenees Mountains in Spain, this breed protected livestock from a variety of threats. Nowadays, its predominant use is as a loving family pet. 

Newfoundland

Height: 28 inches (male); 26 inches (female)
Weight: 130-150 lbs (male); 100-120 lbs (female)

With unparalleled swimming ability, Newfies have rescued many individuals from the icy waters of the North Atlantic. The Newfoundland breed is renowned for its sweet temperament.

Saint Bernard

saint bernard

Height: 28-30 inches (male); 26-28 inches (female)
Weight: 140-180 lbs (male); 120-140 lbs (female)

One of the world’s most beloved breeds, Saint Bernards are playful and friendly. The breed was historically used to rescue stranded travelers within the Alps.

Great Dane

Height: 30-32 inches (male); 28-30 inches (female)
Weight: 140-175 lbs (male); 110-140 lbs (female)

Tall, lean and imposing, the Great Dane is patient and can be sweet with children. Despite this, the breed can be intimidating and protective. Great Danes are actually German in origin – not Danish.

great dane

Spanish Mastiff

spanish mastiff

Height: 28-35 inches
Weight: 140-200 lbs

With its enormous size and stature, the Spanish Mastiff is used for guarding, defense and protecting livestock. These self-confident dogs have a low-pitched, deep bark.

Neapolitan Mastiff

Height: 26-31 inches (male); 24-29 inches (female)
Weight: 150 lbs (male); 110 lbs (female)

This breed dates back to the days of Ancient Rome. Its huge head and powerful frame was used to ward off intruders. The Mastino is loyal to its loved ones but suspicious of strangers.

Boerboel

Height: 24-27 inches (male); 22-25 inches (female)
Weight: 150-200 lbs

The Boerboel is a fearless mastiff who gained notorieity in South Africa for protecting rural homes from a range of dangerous predators. These dogs are watchful, patient and powerful.

Bully Kutta

Height: 30-33 inches (male); 30-31 inches (female)
Weight: 155-200 lbs (male); 130-155 lbs (female)

Also known as the Indian Mastiff, this large dog originated in the Indian subcontinent. Although sometimes illegally used a fighting dog in parts of India and Pakistan (and even other countries like the UK), the Bully Kutta is primarily used for hunting and guarding.

bully kutta

Mastiff

mastiff

Height: 30+ inches (male); 27.5+ inches (female)
Weight: 160-230 lbs (male); 120-170 lbs (female)

Standing at 30 inches and weighing as much as many grown men, the Mastiff has an intimidating presence. Brave, strong and loyal, these dogs require careful training – but thrive as gentle companions.  

Historically, several of these dogs were used for working purposes. As we have seen, many have made a successful transition to household pets, acting as lovable companions for families around the world.

Owning a large dog can be a pleasure – as long as you maintain their training and provide them with the mental stimulation, exercise and care they require!

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